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Home » News

For the lynx in Hungary

Submitted by on Apr 20, 2010 – 1:43 PMNo Comment

Lynx posingIt is a little-known fact that there are lynxes in the forests of Hungary. Yet the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is the biggest feline predator native to Europe, including the Carpathian Mountains, the inner western part of which reaches deep into Hungary.

Once the Eurasian Lynx was quite common in all of Europe. By the middle of the 19th century, however, it had become extirpated in most countries of Central and Western Europe. Recently, there have been successful attempts to reintroduce this lynx to forests.

Their numbers in Hungary hardly exceed 20. The main reason probably is the fact that the Eurasian lynx inhabit forests with dense cover of shrubs, reeds, and tall grass. The hunting area of an average lynx is from 20 to 60 km2 and it can tread more than 20 km during one night.

The lynx is the most “unlikely” feline in that its body is square, rather than elongated, due to its especially long lengs. In return, he will never get snow on his belly. They have large padded paws which dsitribute the weight of the animal evenly and have therefore a snowshoe effect in deep snow. Lynx have distinctive tufts of black hair of about 4 cms at the tip of the ears, which help locate sounds. They have a ruff under the neck, resembling a bow tie, which is also thought to aid hearing similary to a parabolic antenna.

The Eurasian lynx is mainly nocturnal and prey on hares, rabbits, rodents, grouse, wild boar, foxes, and deer. As with other cats, taking on larger prey presents a risk to the animal. The main method of hunting is stalking, sneaking and jumping on prey.

Mating takes place in the late winter and they give birth from two to six kittens once a year. The gestation time of lynx is about 70 days. The young stay with the mother for one more winter before they move out to live on their own as young adults.

Two lynxes playing

Although the Eurasian lynx is listed on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources as “least concern” (meaning, the species is not threathened), we can only hope that these magnificient creatures are here to stay in Hungary for good.

Photos from Wikipedia

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